Battle of Merv, 484 AD – Attila of the East – Greatest Hunnic Conqueror?


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📢 Narrated by David McCallion

📚 Research: Dr. Byron Waldron

🎼 Music:
Epidemic Sound

📚 Sources:
Brunner, C. J. 1984/2011: Akšonvar, Encyclopaedia Iranica 1.7, 729-730,

de la Vaissière, E. 2003: Is There a “Nationality of the Hephtalites”? Bulletin of the Asia Institute 17, 119-132.

Encyclopaedia Iranica 2018: Khušnawar/Khušnawaz, Encyclopaedia Iranica, Online Edition,

Litvinsky, B. A. 1996: The Hephthalite Empire, in Litvinsky, Z. Guang-da & R. S. Samghabadi (eds.), History of Civilizations of Central Asia III: The Crossroads of Civilizations: A.D. 250-750, Paris, 135-162.

Millward, J. A. 2007: Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang, New York.

Payne, R. 2015: The Reinvention of Iran: The Sasanian Empire and the Huns, in M. Maas (ed.), The Cambridge Companion to the Age of Attila, New York, 282-300.

Potts, D. T. 2014: Nomadism in Iran: From Antiquity to the Modern Era, Oxford & New York.

Rezakhani, K. 2017: ReOrienting the Sasanians: East Iran in Late Antiquity, Edinburgh.

Whitfield, S. 2018: Silks, Slaves, and Stupas: Material Culture of the Silk Road, Oakland, CA.

Hyun Jin Kim 2013: The Huns, Rome and the Birth of Europe

#history #documentary #medieval

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  1. We learn 3 things from the phenomenon.
    Persia got more pounch from it's eastern side than it's western one.
    Persia especially sasanid treaties were not valuable, no honour, just piece of paper.
    Newer got involved into conflict with NOMADS!

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