Why did Emperor Henry IV walk over the Alps to meet the Pope in 1077?

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๐Ÿšฉ Ever since it happened people have been debating what took place at Canossa. Some have called it a brilliant masterstroke by Emperor Henry IV, while others have termed it his humiliation. The events leading up to January 28, 1077 are considered one of the most dramatic moments of the Middle Ages, and perhaps the most murky when it comes to understanding what really took place at this Italian castle.

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๐Ÿ“œ Research and Writing by: Medievalists.NET

๐Ÿ“ข Narrated by David McCallion

๐Ÿ“œ Sources:

Primary Sources:

The Correspondence of Pope Gregory VII: Selected Letters from the Registrum, trans. Ephraim Emerton (Columbia University Press, 1932)

Imperial Lives and Letter of the Eleventh Century, trans. Theodor Mommsen and Karl Morrison (Columbia University Press, 1962)

The Papal Reform of the Eleventh Century: Lives of Pope Leo IX and Pope Gregory VII, trans. I.S. Robinson (Manchester University Press, 2004)

Eleventh-Century Germany: The Swabian Chronicles, trans. I.S. Robinson (Manchester University Press, 2008)

The Chronicles of the Investiture Contest: Frutolf of Michelsberg and His Continuators, trans. T.J.H. McCarthy (Manchester University Press, 2014)

The Annals of Lampert of Hersfeld, trans. I.S. Robinson (Manchester University Press, 2015)

Secondary Sources:

Cowdrey, H.E.J., Pope Gregory VII, 1073-1085 (Clarendon Press, 1998)

Morrison, Karl F., โ€œCanossa: A Revisionโ€, Traditio, Vol.18 (1962) pp.121โ€“58

Robinson, I.S., Henry IV of Germany 1056-1106 (Cambridge University Press, 2000)

Spike, Michele K., Tuscan Countess: The Life and Extraordinary Times of Matilda of Canossa (Vendome Press, 2004)

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8 Comments

  1. ๐Ÿšฉ Go to: https://curiositystream.thld.co/historymarche_0322 and use the code HISTORYMARCHE to save 25% discount off today, that's only $14.99 a year. Thanks to Curiosity Stream for sponsoring today's video.

    ๐Ÿšฉ Ever since it happened people have been debating what took place at Canossa. Some have called it a brilliant masterstroke by Emperor Henry IV, while others have termed it his humiliation. The events leading up to January 28, 1077 are considered one of the most dramatic moments of the Middle Ages, and perhaps the most murky when it comes to understanding what really took place at this Italian castle.

  2. Imagine having to repent to a human being!

    {ูˆูŽู…ุง ู‚ูŽุฏูŽุฑููˆุง ุงู„ู„ู‘ูŽู‡ูŽ ุญูŽู‚ู‘ูŽ ู‚ูŽุฏุฑูู‡ู ูˆูŽุงู„ุฃูŽุฑุถู ุฌูŽู…ูŠุนู‹ุง ู‚ูŽุจุถูŽุชูู‡ู ูŠูŽูˆู…ูŽ ุงู„ู‚ููŠุงู…ูŽุฉู ูˆูŽุงู„ุณู‘ูŽู…ุงูˆุงุชู ู…ูŽุทูˆููŠู‘ุงุชูŒ ุจููŠูŽู…ูŠู†ูู‡ู ุณูุจุญุงู†ูŽู‡ู ูˆูŽุชูŽุนุงู„ู‰ ุนูŽู…ู‘ุง ูŠูุดุฑููƒูˆู†ูŽ}

    (67) They have not appraised Allฤh with true appraisal, while the earth entirely will be [within] His grip on the Day of Resurrection, and the heavens will be folded in His right hand. Exalted is He and high above what they associate with Him.

  3. Gonna play Medieval 2 and Henry will march over the alps with imperial army and lay siege to rome. Men of the cloth should not meddle with the affairs of king.

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