The floodwaters of Mars

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Travel across the dramatic flood plains of Mars to celebrate ten years of imaging the Red Planet with Mars Express

Ten years ago, on 14 January 2004, Mars Express took its very first images of Mars in colour and in 3D.

To mark the occasion, the team produced a fly-through movie of the ancient flood plain Kasei Valles. The movie is based on the 67-image mosaic released as part of the ten-years-since-launch celebrations in June 2013. See http://www.esa.int/Our_Activities/Space_Science/Mars_Express/The_floodwaters_of_Mars.

The scene spans 987 km in the north–south direction, 19–36°N, and 1550 km in the east–west direction (280–310°E). It covers 1.55 million square kilometres, an area equivalent to the size of Mongolia.

Kasei Valles is one of the largest outflow channel systems on Mars, created during dramatic flood events. From source to sink, it extends some 3000 km and descends 3 km.

Kasei Valles splits into two main branches that hug a broad island of fractured terrain — Sacra Mensa — rising 2 km above the channels that swerve around it. While weaker materials succumbed to the erosive power of the fast-flowing water, this hardier outcrop has stood the test of time.

Slightly further downstream, the flood waters did their best to erase the 100 km-wide Sharonov crater, crumpling its walls to the south. Around Sharonov many small streamlined islands form teardrop shapes rising from the riverbed as water swept around these natural obstacles.

The Planetary Science and Remote Sensing Group at Freie Universität Berlin produced the movie. The processing of the High Resolution Stereo Camera image data was carried out at the DLR German Aerospace Center.

Credit: ESA/DLR/FU Berlin (G. Neukum) / Music: Crabtambour

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5 Comments

  1. If you find water on MARS, then it is a great novelty. An easy way to terraform the mars, all natural grass's roots along seeds of fruits should be packed in a water container and send it to that place where is water exsisting, the container must be brushed to dispute those root seeds.

  2. Mars buildings must have been built out of rocks because that's all I see, advance civilization??
    I'm guessing not..!!!
    You can buy a $99.00
    Telescope and see it all for yourselves 🔭👀
    But you stretch your imagination as far as you'd like to I guess 🙄
    But on all Truth it's an inhabited planet that's all my eyes need too receive my brain 😂
    Keep on wishing Dreamers 👽

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