Artemis I – European Service Module perspective

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The Orion spacecraft with European Service Module will fly farther from Earth than any human-rated vehicle has ever flown before. This video gives an overview of the first mission – without astronauts – for Artemis, focussing on ESA’s European Service Module that powers the spacecraft.

The spacecraft will perform a flyby of the Moon, using lunar gravity to gain speed and propel itself 70 000 km beyond the Moon, almost half a million km from Earth – further than any human has ever travelled, where it will inject itself in a Distant Retrograde Orbit around the Moon.

On its return journey, Orion will do another flyby of the Moon before heading back to Earth.

The total trip will take around 20 days, ending with a splashdown in the Pacific Ocean without the European Service Module – it separates and burns up harmlessly in the atmosphere.

The second Artemis mission will have a simplified flight plan with only a flyby of the Moon but with four astronauts. The third Artemis mission will see astronauts taken to the lunar surface.

The European Service Module is ESA’s contribution to @NASA’s Orion spacecraft that will send astronauts to the Moon and beyond. It provides electricity, water, oxygen and nitrogen as well as keeping the spacecraft at the right temperature and on course.

The European Service Module has 33 thrusters, 11 km of electrical wiring, four propellant and two pressure tanks that all work together to supply propulsion and everything needed to keep astronauts alive far from Earth – there is no room for error.

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6 Comments

  1. Think this might be the dumbest mission ever. It's over 50 years ago we send multiple successful missions to the moon. Now we need to do everything over again for woman or people of colour? Also, why not just put them on the moon? Now the first mission is just a rocket flying around the moon. Then they need another two year to get that same rocket flying to the moon with people in it. Of course not landing, that's something for the next mission.

    This whole Artemis program is pure PR, and has nothing to do with new boundaries or great achievements. It's just doing it all over again, but with all the struggles alike as 50 years ago, as if it's still that hard to land people on the moon.

  2. This is so beautiful ESA!! 🌕
    Whitout words!!💐
    Thus, this is an imaginary travel around the Moon for who is looking, when you come back to the Earth, you are other person. The Moon makes you to grow in an incredible way. I kneel in front of the Space and in front of God.💫

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